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What is the Ztp and the BST?

March 30, 2012 − by Leslie − in Schutzhund Articles, Schutzhund Rottweilers, Sieger Show Articles, Temperament Articles − No Comments

V-Rated CH Schosshund's Boom Bustin Echo, ABST, SchH II, BH, AD, CD, Ztpwith helper, Terry Deelstra The Zuchttauglichkeitsprufung (Ztp) and Breed Suitability Test (BST) are basically the same breeding suitability test. The test evaluates the dog’s conformation and character to determine if the dog is a suitable candidate in a breeding program in both type and temperament. In Germany, a litter may not be registered unless both the dam and the sire have passed the Ztp! The United States Rottweiler Club (USRC) calls the test the BST and the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub (ADRK) calls the test the Ztp.

There are several prerequisites prior to taking the test:

  •  The dog must have passed the BH
  • The dog must be tattooed and registered
  • The dog must not have any disqualifying faults according to the FCI standard
  • The dog must have a passing hip evaluation from The Orthopedic Foundationfor Animals (OFA). The USRC allows The Institute for Genetic DiseaseControl at Davis, CA (GDC) or HD- or HD+/- from the ADRK in additionto OFA). The USRC does NOT recognize the University of Guelph (OVC) grading.
  • The dog must have a 3-generation certified pedigree

* Show ratings are not required but the dog must have no disqualifying faults

There are two parts to the test: (i) conformation and (ii) character.


In the first part, the dog is critiqued (as in a sieger show) by a qualified international judge (usually an ADRK or FCI judge) and compared to the FCI Standard – only in much greater detail compared to a sieger show! The color of the eyes are graded, teeth checked and counted with emphasis on full dentition and a scissors bite. Then everything on the dog is measured: height from the withers, body length, muzzle, chest depth, chest circumference and the skull. The judge inspects the dog’s tattoo to ensure it matches with the paperwork submitted. The dog is then weighed. When one of my dogs did the test, we were taken into the kitchen, through several hundred people. The dog was required to step on steel scales to be weighed. The dog is then required to do a short obedience routine such as heeling through a group of people, the group then converges on the dog (it must be stable) and then is heeled down the field. Gunshots are fired. If the dog shows a reaction, it must recover right away.


The second part of the test is similar to the SchH I protection routine, only harder (in my opinion). There is an attack out of the blind and a courage test. In SchH I, the dog is at least in drive (alert) on the attack out of the blind. For the Ztp/BST, the dog is not permitted to see the helper and may not realize it is on a protection field which means the dog may not be in drive. For this reason, many dogs fail the test at this point because they cannot take the threat. The helper hides in a blind, the dog is heeled towards the blind. The leash is taken off the dog. Upon the judge’s signal, the helper comes out of the blind towards the dog when the dog is almost at the blind, at which point the handler releases the dog. The attack surprises the dog. The dog must bite the sleeve fully, is given two stick hits over the withers with a padded stick, the helper drives the dog until directed to stop by the judge. If the dog does not ‘out’ (release the sleeve) the dog fails. After outing, the dog must stay by the helper and guard him. Upon a signal from the judge, the handler returns to the dog and picks it up. The dog and handler then go into a blind.

The last part is the courage test. The judge directs the helper to come out of the blind at the opposite end of the field (approximately 120 paces) than the dog and handler. The handler is not permitted to stimulate the dog (ie the dog must remain quietly beside the handler). The helper runs half way across the back of the field and then runs directly at the dog and handler, threatening with the stick. The dog is released. The dog must run at the helper at a full run and bite the sleeve. The handler is not allowed to move from the position from where the dog was released. The dog is given the command to ‘out’ by the handler who is still at the original position. If the dog does not ‘out’, the dog fails. Once the dog has outed, the dog must stay with the helper and guard him. The judge signals the handler to return to the dog. The handler returns to the dog and a leash is put on. The test is ended. The handler and dog report to the judge. The dog’s performance is then critiqued to the spectators. There is no score given. It is either a pass or fail.

Retesting Rules Should the Dog Fail either Part of the Test

  • If the dog is not within the FCI standard (i.e. too tall or too short etc.), or has a disqualifying fault, the dog may never be retested.
  • If the dog fails the second part of the test, it is allowed to attempt the test once more upon the judge’s discretion!! If the judge believes the dog is of faulty character, the dog can be banned from future testing. After failing twice (under USRC and ADRK rules), the dog may never be retested.

 Submitted by: Jane Mitchelmore Wolfshohle Rottweilers Reg’d

Note: Jane has trained and titled a dog to both the Ztp & BST titles and trains with the Victoria Rottweiler Club

Pictured above is Jane’s bitch V-Rated CH Schosshund’s Boom Bustin Echo, ABST, SchH II, BH, AD, CD, Ztp with helper, Terry Deelstra

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